Kaz - History of Healing Crystals
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Kaz Psychic - The history of healing crystals
As long as we have existed, we have had an affinity with natural stones, crystals, rocks and precious gems and gemstones.
The history of healing crystals
Talismans and amulets
The use of talismans and amulets crafted using crystals and gemstones dates back to the beginning of humankind, though we cannot pin any exact date on the first such uses, which in many ways are still used today by those involved in the 'New Age' order of life.
Tusks of Ivory
Many early pieces were organic in their origin and beads carved of mammoth ivory were extracted from a grave in Sungir, Russia, dating back some 25,000 years, in a period known as the Paleolithic period, and there are contemporary beads made from shells and fossil shark's teeth.
Last Ice age
The oldest of amulets are ones which were made from Baltic Amber, some from as long ago as 30,000 years and Amber beads were discovered in Britain from around 10,000 years ago around the time of the last ice age.
The distance they travelled to reach Britain shows their value to the people who lived in that time period in history.
Jet was also popular, and Jet beads, bracelets and necklaces have been discovered in Palaeolithic gravesites in both Switzerland and Belgium. There have been Malachite mines in Sinai since 4,000 BC.
The first historical references to the use of crystals come from ancient Sumaria, where they were included in magic formulas.
The ancient Egyptians used Lapis Lazuli, Turquoise, Carnelian, Emerald and Clear Quartz in their jewellery and hand carved grave amulets of the same gems.
Turquoise Stones were used for protection and health
Purge evil spirits
Chrystolite (later translated as both Topaz and Peridot) was used to combat night terrors and purge evil spirits.
Winged Goddess Isis
Chrystolite (Peridot) was considered a very spiritual stone in Ancient Egypt. Egyptian priests would brew a strong drink from the crushed up stones and partake of this hot beverage during ceremonies.
It was believed that drinking Peridot brought them closer to nature. Egyptian priests also drank from cups lined with Peridot to heal maladies and pay tribute to the goddess Isis.
Cleopatra the Queen of Egypt
Cleopatra - Queen of Egypt
Cleopatra, the queen of Egypt, had a deep love of peridot. While many sources from the time describe her as bejewelled in emeralds there is much archaeological evidence that the stones people were taking as emeralds were actually peridot.
Peridots were often mistaken for emeralds. In fact, the Romans called them the “evening emeralds” because of the way they caught and reflected lamplight. There was a long held belief that peridot burned with an inner fire that would glow at night. In some ancient cultures miners searched for peridot during the early evening or at night when they said it was the easiest to find.
Aaron the High Priest
Crusaders invading Egypt during the Middle Ages found the peridot mines on Zabargad and brought many of the gems back with them to Europe.
These were used to decorate their churches. These stones had already played a heavy role in Christianity and appear numerous times in the Bible under the name chrysolite.
Aaron brother of Moses
Aaron the Priest, brother of Moses, wore a peridot into battle.
Peridots represent purity in Christian folklore and commonly ornament high-ranking Catholic Church officials.
In Hawaii, Peridots are rare, but as one of the few natural gems found on the islands, they quickly became a treasured part of native mythology.
Tears of the Goddess Pele
Tiny Peridot pebbles washed up onshore, causing the Hawaiians to believe they were the tears of the goddess Pele.
Pele is associated with fire, lightning, and volcanoes. In many stories Pele is a destructive goddess, but as the Hawaiian Islands themselves were formed from the explosion of the volcanoes beneath them, the Hawaiian people felt Pele was generous as well.
Peridot is one of the gifts it is said the goddess gave to the Hawaiian people.
Salve to heart troubles
Throughout history it was believed that peridot could cure respiratory problems such as asthma and that the gemstone acted as a salve to heart troubles. In the Middle Ages, peridot was placed under the tongue of sick people to reduce fevers.
New age tradition
Modern day belief regarding the peridot says that wearing one brings good luck and peace, as well as stronger friendships, success, and a knack for attracting wealth. In modern new age tradition it is also supposed to help soothe the wearer to deep sleep, to dispel negative energy, and calm anger.
Galena (Iron Ore)
Cosmetic use of crystals
Egyptians also used crystals cosmetically. Galena (lead ore) was ground to a powder and used as eye shadow known as Kohl. Malachite was used in a similar manner.
Green stones in general were used to signify the heart of the deceased, and were included in burials. Green stones were used in a similar way during a later period in history by ancient Mexicans.
The ancient Greeks attributed a number of properties to crystals, and many names used today are of Greek origin.
Crystal - Greek word for ice
The word Crystal comes from the Greek word for Ice, as it was believed that clear Quartz was water that had frozen so deeply that is would always remain solid!
Amethyst means 'not drunken', and was worn as an amulet to prevent drunkeness.
Jade and ancient China
Jade was highly valued in ancient China, and some Chinese written characters represent Jade beads.
Musical instruments in the form of chimes were made from Jade, and around 1000 years ago, emperors were sometimes buried in Jade armour.
There are burials with Jade masks from around the same time period in Mexico.
Kidney healing stone
Jade was recognised as a Kidney healing stone in both China and South America. More recently, dating from around 250 years ago, the Maories of New Zealand wore Jade pendants representing the ancestor spirits, which were passed down many generations through the male line. The practise of wearing 'Green stone' pendants carries on their today.
Bible & the Koran (Qur'an)
Crystals and gemstones have played a part in all religions too. They are mentioned throughout the Bible, and in the Koran.
Breast plate of Aaron
The origin of the stones we attribute to various birth signs is the breast plate of Aaron, or high priest's breast plate, mentioned in the book of Exodus.
4th Heaven - 7th Century
In the Koran, (Qur'an) the 4th Heaven is composed of carbuncle (Garnet). The Kalpa Tree, which represents an offering to the Gods in Hinduism, is said to be made entirely of precious stone, and Buddhist test from the 7th century describes a Diamond throne, situated, situated near the Tree of Knowledge (the Neem tree under which Sidhartha meditated).
Blade of Diamond
On his throne a thousand Kalpa Buddhas reposed. The Kalpa Sutra in Jainism, speaks of Harinegamesi, the divine commander of the foot troops, who seized 14 precious stones, cleansed them of their lesser properties, and retained only their finest essence to aid his transformations.
Hindu Goddess Indira
There is an ancient sacred lapidary treatise, known as the Ratnapariksha. Some sources state that it is Hindu, but it is most likely to be Buddhist. The date is uncertain, but it is probably from the 6th century. In this treatise, diamonds figure highly, as the king of gemstones, and are ranked according to caste.
The Sanskrit word for Diamond, varja, is also the word for the Hindu goddess Indira's thunderbolt, and Diamonds are often associated with thunder.
he Ruby was highly revered. It represented an inextinguishable flame, and was pro-ported to preserve both the physical and mental health of the wearer. The treatise lists many other gemstones and their properties.
In Burma, stones, especially Rubies, were inserted into the flesh to become part of the wearer's body, in the belief that it would make them invulnerable.
Amulets banned by Christian church in 355 AD
Amulets were banned by the Christian church in 355 AD, but gemstones continued to play an important role, with Sapphire being favoured as the gem for ecclesiastical rings in the 12th century.
Marbodus, the Bishop of Rennes - 11th century
Marbodus, the Bishop of Rennes in the 11th century, claimed that Agate would make the wearer more agreeable, persuasive and in favour of God. There was also many symbolic references, such as the carbuncle representing Christ's sacrifice.
Hildegard von Bingen
Hildegard von Bingen
Illumination from the Liber Scivias showing Hildegard receiving a vision and dictating to her scribe and secretary
In Europe, from the 11th century, through Renaissance, a number of medical treatises appeared, extolling the virtues of precious and semi-precious stones in the treatment of certain ailments, alongside mainly herbal remedies. Authors included Hildegard von Bingen, Arnoldus Saxo, and John Mendeville.
Hildegard’s medicinal and scientific writings, though thematically complementary to her ideas about nature expressed in her visionary works, are different in focus and scope.
Neither claim to be rooted in her visionary experience and its divine authority. Rather, they spring from her experience helping in and then leading the monastery’s herbal garden and infirmary, as well as the theoretical information she likely gained through her wide-ranging reading in the monastery’s library.
As she gained practical skills in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment, she combined physical treatment of physical diseases with holistic methods centered on “spiritual healing.” She became well known for her healing powers involving practical application of tinctures, herbs, and precious stones.
She combined these elements with a theological notion ultimately derived from Genesis: all things put on earth are for the use of humans.
Physica and Causea
Hildegard catalogued both her practical expertise and its theoretical basis in two works: Physica, whose nine books focus on the scientific and medicinal properties of various plants, stones, fish, reptiles, and animals; and Causae et Curae, an exploration of the human body, its connections to the rest of the natural world, and the causes and cures of various diseases.
Hildegardis Causae et Curae
These works document a variety of medical practices, and Hildegard may have used them to teach another nun at the monastery to be her assistant. Moreover, they serve as a valuable witness to areas of medieval medicine that were often not as well documented because their practitioners (mainly women) did not often write in Latin.
Among the practices that Hildegard discusses in Causae et Curae is the use of bleeding and home remedies for many common ailments.
She also focuses many of her remedies on common agricultural injuries such as burns, fractures, dislocations, and cuts.
In addition to its wealth of practical evidence, Causae et Curae is also noteworthy for its organizational scheme. Its first part sets the work within the context of the creation of the cosmos and then humanity as its summit, and the constant interplay of the human person as microcosm both physically and spiritually with the macrocosm of the universe informs all of Hildegard’s approach.
Green health and holistic health
Her hallmark is to emphasize the vital connection between the “green” health of the natural world and the holistic health of the human person. Thus, when she approached medicine as a type of gardening, it was not just as an analogy. Rather, Hildegard understood the plants and elements of the garden as direct counterparts to the humors and elements within the human body, whose imbalance led to illness and disease.
Thus, the nearly three hundred chapters of the second book of Causae et Curae “explore the aetiology, or causes, of disease as well as human sexuality, psychology, and physiology.”
In this section, she give specific instructions for bleeding based on various factors, including gender, the phase of the moon (bleeding is best done when moon is waning), the place of disease (use veins near diseased organ of body part) or prevention (big veins in arms), and how much blood to take (described in imprecise measurements, like “the amount that a thirsty person can swallow in one gulp”). She even includes bleeding instructions for animals to keep them healthy. In the third and fourth sections, Hildegard turns her attention to treatments for malignant and minor problems and diseases according to the humoral theory, again including information on animal health.
The fifth section is about diagnosis and prognosis, which includes instructions to check the patient’s blood, pulse, urine and stool.
Finally, the sixth section documents a lunar horoscope to provide an additional means of prognosis for both disease and other medical conditions, such as conception and the outcome of pregnancy. For example, she indicates that a waxing moon is good for conception (for humans) and is also good for sowing seeds for plants (sowing seeds is the plant equivalent of conception).
Elsewhere, Hildegard is even said to have stressed the value of boiling drinking water in an attempt to prevent infection, the human microcosm and the macrocosm of the universe, she often focuses on interrelated patterns of four: “the four elements (fire, air, water, and earth), the four seasons, the four humors, the four zones of the earth, and the four major winds.”Although she inherited the basic framework of humoral theory from ancient medicine, however, Hildegard’s conception of the hierarchical interbalance of the four humors (blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile) was unique, based on their correspondence to “superior” and “inferior” elements—blood and phlegm corresponding to the “celestial” elements of fire and air, and the two biles corresponding to the “terrestrial” elements of water and earth. Hildegard understood the disease-causing imbalance of these humors to result from the improper dominance of the subordinate humors.
Adam and Eve
This disharmony reflects that introduced by Adam and Eve in the Fall, which for Hildegard marked the indelible entrance of disease and humoral imbalance into humankind. As she writes in Causae et Curae c. 42:
It happens that certain men suffer diverse illnesses. This comes from the phlegm which is superabundant within them. For if man had remained in paradise, he would not have had the flegmata within his body, from which many evils proceed, but his flesh would been whole and without dark humor (livor).
However, because he consented to evil and relinquished good, he was made into a likeness of the earth, which produces good and useful herbs, as well as bad and useless ones, and which has in itself both good and evil moistures.
From tasting evil, the blood of the sons of Adam was turned into the poison of semen, out of which the sons of man are begotten. And therefore their flesh is ulcerated and permeable (to disease).
These sores and openings create a certain storm and smoky moisture in men, from which the flegmata arise and coagulate, which then introduce diverse infirmities to the human body.
All this arose from the first evil, which man began at the start, because if Adam had remained in paradise, he would have had the sweetest health, and the best dwelling-place, just as the strongest balsam emits the best odour; but on the contrary, man now has within himself poison and phlegm and diverse illnesses.
There are also references to stones with particular qualities of strength and protection.
Hugh (Hubert) de Burgh
Hubert de Burgh - 1232
In 1232, Hubert de Burgh, the chief justicular of Henry lll, was accused of stealing a gem from the king's treasury which would make the wearer invincible, and giving it to Llewellyn, the King of Wales and Henry's enemy.
Inhabited by Demons
It was also believed that gemstones corrupted by the original sins of Adam, could possibly be inhabited by demons, of if handled, by a sinner, their virtues would depart. Therefore, they should be sacrificed and consecrated before wearing. There is an echo of this belief today in the cleansing and programming of crystals before use in crystal healing.
During the Renaissance, the tradition of using precious stones in healing, was still accepted, but the enquiring minds of the period sought to find out how this worked, and to give it more of a scientific explanation.
Anselmus de Boot
Anselmus de Boot - 1609
In 1609, Anselmus de Boot, court physician to Rudolf ll of Germany, suggested that any virtue of a gemstone has, is due to the presence of good or bad angels. The good angels wouod confer a special grace to the gems, whilst the bad angels would tempt people into believing in the stone itself, and not in God's gifts bestowed upon it. He goes on to name certain stones as helpful, and put other's qualities down simply to superstition.
Minerologist and Physician
Anselmus de Boot (also Anselmus Boëtius de Boot) (Bruges, 1550 - Bruges, 21 June 1632) was a Belgian mineralogist and physician from the city of Brugge during the European Renaissance. Along with the "Father of Mineralogy", the German known by his nom de plume Georgius Agricola, Anselmus is responsible for establishing the modern geological earth science study of mineralogy. Anselmus was an avid mineral collector. He travelled widely on collecting trips to the mining regions of Germany, Bohemia and Silesia. His definitive written work was the Gemmarum et Lapidum Historia.
Helena de Jong's Bibliography
Anselmus and his work were also mentioned briefly in Helena de Jong's Bibliography.
Age of enlightenment
Later in the same century, Thomas Nicols expressed his 'Faithful Lapidary' that gems, as inanimate objects, could not possess the effects claimed by the past. Thus, the 'Age of Enlightenment', the use of precious stones for healing and protection began to fall from favour in Europe.
Physical and emotional changes
In the early part of the 19th century, a number of interesting experiments were conducted to demonstrate the effects of stones on subjects who believed themselves to be clairvoyant. In one case, the subject claimed to feel not only physical and emotional changes when touched with various stones, but also to experience smells and tastes!
Although no longer in use medicinally, gemstones continued to hold meaning.
Jet for mourning, Garnet for war
Until recently, Jet was popularly worn by those in mourning, and Garnet was often worn in times of war.
Moonstone for wedding
There is a tradition in a family in South West England, where every female descendent wears an antique Moonstone necklace for her wedding, which has been in the family for many generations. It was only recently that one family member realised that this was a fertility symbol!
Many tribal cultures have continued the use of gemstones in healing until very recently, if not through to the present day.
Zuni - Lutakawi - Zuni Governor of the past - New Mexico
Zuni - New Mexico governor
The Zuni tribe in New Mexico, make stone fetishes, which represent animal spirits. These were ceremonially 'fed' on powdered Turquoise and ground Maize.
Beautiful inlaid fetishes are still made to sell, and are very much collectable artefacts or sculptures, although the spiritual practise surrounding them is no longer much in use.
Native American tribes
Other Native American tribes still hold precious stones, especially Turquoise, sacred.
Both Aborigines and Maoris have traditions regarding stones and healing or spiritual practise, some of which they share with the rest of the world, while some knowledge is still kept private within their communities.
It is interesting to note that there are many examples of gemstones meaning similar things to different cultures, even when there has been absolutely no interaction between these cultures, and no opportunity for crossover.
Aztec and Mayan civilizations
Jade was considered to be a Kidney healing stone by the ancient Chinese, and also the Aztec and Mayan civilizations, whilst Turquoise has been worn to give strength and health all over the world, and Jasper's have almost always conferred both strength and calm.
New age culture 1980's
In the 1980's, with the advent of the New Age culture, the use of crystals and gemstones began to re-emerge as a healing method. Much of the practise being drawn from age old traditions, with more information gained by experimentation and channelling.
Different cultures have used crystal healing over time, including the Hopi Native Americans of Arizona and Hawaiian islanders, some of whom continued to use it as of 1997.
The Chinese have traditionally attributed healing powers to microcrystalline Jade.
Crystal Power Crystal Healing - The complete Handbook - Michael Gienger
Books by Katrina Rafaell in the 1980's and Melody and Michael Gienger in the 90's helped to popularize the use of crystals.
In fact there is an excellent book well worthy of purchase by Michael Gienger called "Crystal Power Crystal Healing - The complete Handbook". This is a most beautifully illustrated book with photographic quality picture plates of a whole host of beautiful crystals. This book contains the chemical compositions of crystals and the science of Crystals also. A must for the more serious enthusiast of crystal healing.
These days there are a large number of book available on the subject of crystal healing and crystals generally, to include gemstones, rocks and fossils. The use of crystals also features in magazine and newspaper articles too.
Crystal therapy - BSY Group
Crystal therapy crosses the boundaries of religious and spiritual beliefs. It is no longer viewed as the domain of alternative culture, but as an acceptable and more mainstream complementary therapy, and in many colleges, a qualification can now be obtained for the study of crystal healing. The BSY group are one such educational establishment offering courses in crystal healing.
There is no peer reviewed scientific evidence that crystal healing has any effect. It has been called a pseudoscience.
Pleasant feelings or seeming successes of crystal healing can be attributed to the placebo effect, or the believers wanting it to be true and seeing only things that back that up; cognitive bias.
Crystal healing animals
Crystal healing techniques are also practised on animals, although some veterinary organizations, such as the British Veterinary Association, have warned that these methods are not scientifically proven and state that people should seek the advice of a vet before using alternative techniques.
Word of caution
As with other other non-scientific methods the practice of "crystal healing" can be actively dangerous or possibly even fatal if it causes people with illnesses that are treatable by scientifically-based medicine to avoid or delay seeking treatment.
I hope you will have found this article enlightening.
Thanks for reading!
Bright Positive Blessings,
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